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Participatory development

From Ehealthwiki

eHealth technology development is a matter of co-creation; stakeholder-participation is essential[1][2][3]. Their involvement spans the full spectrum of the development process, starting with contextual inquiry. Stakeholders can be considered as actors that have different roles in the development of eHts; from ideation to operationalization. Through their roles in identifying needs, or specifying requirements for design and implementation, they help to create the technology[4][5]. Adequate project management needs to arrange for the participation of stakeholders and to identify their roles, tasks and responsibilities[6].


  1. Van de Belt TH, Engelen LJ, Berben SA, Schoonhoven L. Definition of Health 2.0 and Medicine 2.0: a systematic review. J Med Internet Res 2010;12(2):e18
  2. Eysenbach G. Medicine 2.0: social networking, collaboration, participation, apomediation, and openness. J Med Internet Res 2008;10(3):e22
  3. Clemensen J, Larsen SB, Kyng M, Kirkevold M. Participatory design in health sciences: using cooperative experimental methods in developing health services and computer technology. Qualitative health research 2007;17(1):122
  4. Carr D, Howells A, Chang M, Hirji N, English A. An integrated approach to stakeholder engagement. Healthc Q 2009;12 Spec No Ontario:62-70
  5. Freeman R. The stakeholder approach revisited. Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts-und Unternehmensethik 2004;5(3):228-241
  6. Neuhauser, L. (2001). Participatory design for better interactive health communication: A statewide model in the USA. Electronic Journal of Communication/La Revue Electronique de Communication,11(3 & 4)